All About Solar


3 Major components of solar project

Simply, a solar power system is generally comprised of solar panel, inverter and mounting system.


Solar Panel:

Solar panels, the key component in any residential, commercial, or utility-scale solar energy system, is also known as photovoltaic systems that use semiconductor technology to convert energy from sunlight into electricity that can power your structure such as residential household.

Most of the solar panel options currently available fit in one the three types: monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin-film. These solar panels vary in how they are made, appearance, performance, costs and the installations each are the best suited for.

The electricity produced at this stage is DC (direct current) and must be converted to AC (alternating current) suitable for use in home or business.


As an essential component of a solar power system, solar inverter can convert DC Power to AC Power. Two major types of inverters are: string inverter (around the size of a briefcase) or microinverters, which are approximately the size of a paperback book.

The inverter turns the DC electricity generated by the solar panels into AC that can be put to immediate use by connecting the inverter directly to a dedicated circuit breaker in the electrical panel.

Mounting System:

Mounting system provides structural support to sustain solar panels on the rooftop. Selecting the suitable mounting system with appropriate design is critical to the functionality and stability of the solar system and the roof structure. It may also affect the cost of construction in the whole project.

Reference: Energy Sage, Wikipedia, NW Wind & Solar